Flour Basics- Types of Flour and Uses

There are many different types of flour when used for baking. Baking brings a smile to many of our faces because it transports us to a warm home full of baked cookies, steaming hot chocolate, and laughter. However, it may not be the quietest time for a baker, as one wrong move might result in throwing out the cake batter or saying goodbye to a domed muffin top.

It’s critical to use the appropriate flour to ensure that your baked goods look and taste excellent, allowing you to show off your baking skills and delight your loved ones. There are many different flour kinds for various uses—and you can get one developed expressly for baking bread, yellow cake, or cookies, for example, as well as gluten-free flours.

Let’s look at the many types of flours available and see what we can make with them.


All-purpose flour is the most prevalent. As its name implies, one can use all-purpose flour to make a wide range of baked products, including cakes, cookies, yeast bread, pastries and quick bread, cinnamon rolls, and pretty much everything else our families enjoy.

This flour type is typically enhanced and created from a combination of hard and soft wheat. When flour is enriched, millers replace nutrients that were lost during the manufacturing process. Folic acid (a vital vitamin that can help prevent neural tube abnormalities in unborn children), vitamin B, and iron are minerals lost during the process that are often added to enriched all-purpose flour.

Whole Wheat 

You’ve probably tried whole-wheat flour if you like bread, pizza dough, or rolls. The Wheat Foods Council says that whole wheat flour baked goods are heavier and denser than white flour baked goods. This is because it contains less gluten.

White Whole Wheat 

Another option is white whole-wheat flour, similar to whole-wheat flour but derived from a white type of wheat rather than a red one. It has a lighter and gentler color and flavor than whole wheat flour, but it still yields a beautiful, well-rounded flavor when used for baking.

Whole Grain 

When it comes to baking, whole grain flours are also in high demand. It simply indicates that the whole seed is utilized. Flours derived from corn and sorghum, as well as wheat, can be used.


Gluten flour is made from spring wheat that has been milled. It has a high protein content and a low starch content, making it a nutritious option. It’s usually combined with low-protein wheat to create a firmer dough, ideal for bread and other substantial baked items.


You might come across bread flour while shopping at your local supermarket. This flour is mainly processed for commercial bakers; however, it may be found in most supermarkets. It is excellent for bread baking since it has a higher gluten strength and protein content than others.


You’ve undoubtedly used self-rising flour if you enjoy preparing biscuits and gravy. Self-rising flour is similar to all-purpose flour, but it contains salt and leavening. You can use them to make biscuits, quick bread, and other baked goods meant to rise.  But don’t use them for anything else!

Experiment With These Common Types of Flour

Experiment with different types of flour when choosing which to use for your baked items. Each one contributes something unique to the table, and they all have a distinct flavor worth highlighting. When you’re in the grocery store, keep an eye out for different varieties of flour.

You can take a new kind of cooking class by booking an expert private chef in Charleston, SC if you want to know how to play around with flour. With our in-home chef experience, you get hands-on participation and lots of tidbits of knowledge, not to mention delicious treats to enjoy along the way. Make a reservation today!

Published By Michael Casciello